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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0135    [Accepted] Published online August 30, 2020.
Genetic parameters and correlations of related feed efficiency, growth and carcass traits in Hanwoo beef cattle
Hossein Mehrban1, Masoumeh Naserkheil2, Deuk Hwan Lee3,*, Noelia Ibáñez-Escriche4
1Animal Science, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Charmahalo-Bakhteiari, Iran
2Animal Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3Animal Life and Environment Sciences, Hankyong National University, Anseong, Korea
4Institute for Animal Science and Technology, Universitat Politècnica de València, València, Spain
Correspondence:  Deuk Hwan Lee, Tel: +82-31-670-5091, Fax: +82-31-670-5099, Email: dhlee@hknu.ac.kr
Received: 27 February 2020   • Revised: 16 April 2020   • Accepted: 14 August 2020
Objective: This study aimed to estimate the genetic parameters and genetic correlations for related feed efficiency, growth, and carcass traits in Hanwoo cattle.
Phenotypic data from 15,279 animals born between 1989 and 2015 were considered. The related feed efficiency traits considered were Kleiber ratio (KR) and relative growth rate (RGR). Carcass traits analyzed were backfat thickness (BT), carcass weight (CW), eye muscle area (EMA), and marbling score (MS). Growth traits were assessed by the average daily gain (ADG), metabolic body weight (MBW) at mid-test age from 6 to 24 months, and yearling weight (YW). Variance and covariance components were estimated using restricted maximum likelihood using nine multi-trait animal models.
The heritability estimates for related feed efficiency (0.28 ± 0.04 for KR and RGR) and growth traits (0.26 ± 0.02 to 0.33 ± 0.04) were moderate, but the carcass traits tended to be higher (0.38 ± 0.04 to 0.61 ± 0.06). The related feed efficiency traits were positively genetically correlated with all the carcass traits (0.37 ± 0.09 to 0.47 ± 0.07 for KR, and 0.14 ± 0.09 to 0.37 ± 0.09 for RGR), except for BT, which showed null to weak correlation. Conversely, the genetic correlations of RGR with MBW (−0.36 ± 0.08) and YW (−0.30 ± 0.08) were negative, and those of KR with MBW and YW were close to zero, whereas the genetic correlations of ADG with RGR (0.40 ± 0.08) and KR (0.70 ± 0.05) were positive and relatively moderate to high. The genetic (0.92 ± 0.02) correlations between KR and RGR were very high.
The sufficient genetic variability and heritability were observed for traits of interested. Moreover, the inclusion of KR and/or RGR in Hanwoo cattle breeding programs could improve the feed efficiency without producing any unfavorable effects on the carcass traits.
Keywords: Feed Efficiency; Growth Traits; Carcass Traits; Genetic Correlation; Hanwoo Cattle

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