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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0156    [Accepted] Published online May 12, 2020.
Bovine mastitis: risk factors, therapeutic strategies, and alternative treatments — A review
Wei Nee Cheng1  , Sung Gu Han1,* 
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
Correspondence:  Sung Gu Han, Tel: +82-2-450-0526, Fax: +82-2-455-1044, Email: hansg@konkuk.ac.kr
Received: 15 March 2020   • Revised: 9 April 2020   • Accepted: 4 May 2020
Abstract
Bovine mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary gland of dairy cattle, is the most common disease causing economic losses due to reduced yield and poor quality of milk in dairy industry. The etiological agents include a variety of gram-positive and gramnegative bacteria, and can be either contagious (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Mycoplasma spp.) or environmental (e.g., Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Streptococcus uberis). Host factors such as improvement of milking hygiene, implementation of post-milking teat disinfection, maintenance of milking machine are general measures to prevent new cases of mastitis, but treatment of active mastitis infection is dependant mainly on antibiotics. However, the extensive use of antibiotics increased concerns about emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens and that led the dairy industries to reduce the use of antibiotics. Therefore, alternative therapies for prevention and treatment of bovine mastitis, particularly natural products from plants and animals, have been sought. This review provides an overview of bovine mastitis in the aspects of risk factors, control and treatments, and emerging therapeutic alternatives in the control of bovine mastitis.
Keywords: Bovine Mastitis; Dairy Cow; Bacteria; Antibiotic; Alternative Bovine Mastitis Treatment; Natural Product
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