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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0089    [Accepted] Published online May 12, 2020.
Predicting nutrient excretion from dairy cows on smallholder farms in Indonesia using readily available farm data
Windi Al Zahra1,2,*  , Corina E. van Middelaar1  , Imke J. M. de Boer1  , Simon J. Oosting1 
1Animal Production Systems Group, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, the Netherlands
2Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), P.O Box 16680, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia
Correspondence:  Windi Al Zahra,Email: windi.alzahra@wur.nl
Received: 11 February 2020   • Revised: 17 March 2020   • Accepted: 23 April 2020
This study was conducted to provide models to accurately predict nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) excretion of dairy cows on smallholder farms in Indonesia based on readily available farm data. Method: The generic model in this study is based on the principles of the Lucas equation, describing the relation between dry matter intake (DMI) and faecal N excretion to predict the quantity of faecal N (QFN). Excretion of urinary N (QUN) and faecal P (QFP) were calculated based on NRC recommendations for dairy cows. A farm survey was conducted to collect input parameters for the models. The data set was used to calibrate the model to predict QFN for the specific case. The model was validated by comparing the predicted quantity of faecal N (QFNPRED) with the actual quantity of faecal N (QFNACT) based on measurements, and the calibrated model was compared to the Lucas equation. The models were used to predict N and P excretion of all 144 dairy cows in the dataset.
Our estimate of true N digestibility equalled the standard value of 92% in the original Lucas equation, whereas our estimate of metabolic faecal N was -0.60 g/100 g DMI, with the standard value being -0.61 g/100 g DMI. Results of the model validation showed that the R2 was 0.63, the MAE was 15 g/animal/d (17% from QFNACT), and the RMSE was 20 g/animal/d (22% from QFNACT). We predicted that the total N excretion of dairy cows in Indonesia was on average 197 g/animal/d, whereas P excretion was on average 44 g/animal/d.
The proposed models can be used with reasonable accuracy to predict N and P excretion of dairy cattle on smallholder farms in Indonesia, which can contribute to improving manure management and reduce environmental issues related to nutrient losses.
Keywords: Dairy Cows; N and P Excretion; Smallholder Dairy Farms
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