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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.19.0890    [Accepted] Published online March 12, 2020.
Effects of vitamin A supplementation in the diet of breeding geese on offspring intestinal tissue morphology and immune performance
Haiming Yang1  , Jingru Liang1  , Hang Dai1  , Xiaoli Wan1  , Zhiyue Wang1,* 
1College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, 225009, China
2Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety of Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Jiangsu, 225009 China
Correspondence:  Zhiyue Wang, Tel: +86-13004328027, Email: dkwzy@263.net
Received: 18 November 2019   • Revised: 11 January 2020   • Accepted: 11 March 2020
The effects of maternal and offspring dietary vitamin A (VA) supplementation on early body weight, digestive tract function and immune function in goslings were studied.
Yangzhou geese (180 d old) were randomly divided into 5 experimental groups of 15 females and 3 males (the males were kept until for slaughter). Eggs were collected for hatching during the peak laying period. A total of 96 goslings were selected from each treatment group (each fed a basic diet supplemented with 0, 4,000, 8,000, 12,000 or 16,000 IU/kg VA) and randomly divided into 2 groups, with 6 replicates in each group and 8 goslings in each replicate. The gosling diet was supplemented with 0 or 9,000 IU/kg VA.
(1) Villus length, villus width and the muscle thickness of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum were increased and the crypt depth was reduced after adding 12,000 IU/kg VA to the goslings diet (P < 0.05). Adding 9,000 IU / kg VA to the offspring diet increased the length of the duodenal villi and width of the ileum and decreased the crypt depth of the ileum (P < 0.05). (2) Supplementing the maternal diet with 12,000 IU/kg VA increased immune organ weight, the immune organ index and immunoglobulin content in goslings (P < 0.05). The bursa weight and IgG content of offspring were higher in the 9,000 IU/kg VA supplementation group than in the group with no supplementation (P < 0.05).
Offspring growth and development were affected by the amount of VA added into maternal diet. The negative effect of maternal VA deficiency on offspring can be compensated by adding VA to the offspring diet. Continued VA supplementation in the offspring diet after excessive VA supplementation in the maternal diet is unfavorable for gosling growth and development.
Keywords: Vitamin A; Maternal and Offspring; Digestive Tract; Immune Performance

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