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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.19.0589    [Accepted] Published online October 21, 2019.
Meat quality characteristics of the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) at different ages and post-mortem ageing periods
Gamaleldin M Suliman1,2,*  , Abdullah N Al-Owaimer1  , Elsayed O S Hussein1  , Kamaleldin Abuelfatah2  , Moath B Othman3 
1Department of Animal Production, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, P.O Box 2460, 11451 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Meat Production, Faculty of Animal Production, University of Khartoum, P.O Box 60, 11451Khartoum North, Sudan
3Department of Agricultural Engineering, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, P.O Box 2460, 11451 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Correspondence:  Gamaleldin M Suliman, Tel: +966-114693317, Fax: +966-11467874, Email: gsuliman@ksu.edu.sa
Received: 17 July 2019   • Revised: 23 August 2019   • Accepted: 3 October 2019
Abstract
Objective
Meat quality characteristics and sensory attributes were evaluated in three age groups (12, 18, and 24 Mo) of one-humped camels of the Saudi Arabian Najdi breed.
Methods
Thirty-six male camels (12 for each age group) were used. The Longissimus dorsi muscle from each carcass was divided into three parts and subjected to three ageing periods (1, 5, or 10 d) and evaluated for shear force, myofibril fragmentation index (MFI), expressed juice, cooking loss, and sensory attributes.
Results
Age had a significant effect on shear force, MFI, expressed juice quantity, and organoleptic properties. Camels slaughtered at 12 Mo exhibited lower shear force and MFI, and higher expressed juice quantity, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptability than those slaughtered at 24 Mo. Ageing had a significant influence on shear force, MFI, expressed juice quantity, but not on cooking loss. Camel meat aged for 10 d exhibited significantly lower shear force values and expressed juice quantity, and significantly higher MFI compared to that aged for 1 d. However, ageing did not significantly affect sensory attributes, except for tenderness, in camels slaughtered at 18 Mo.
Conclusion
Both instrumental and sensory evaluations showed that young camel meat has desirable quality characteristics, with superior tenderness and juiciness.
Keywords: Arabian Camel; Meat; Age Group; Ageing


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