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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.19.0545    [Accepted] Published online October 21, 2019.
Dietary supplementation with different types of fiber in gestation and lactation: effects on sow serum biochemical values and performance
Ruey-Chee Weng1,* 
Department of Animal Science, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu Pingtung 91201, Taiwan
Correspondence:  Ruey-Chee Weng, Tel: +886-8-7703202-6287, Fax: +886-8-7740148, Email: rcweng@mail.npust.edu.tw
Received: 4 July 2019   • Revised: 23 August 2019   • Accepted: 18 September 2019
Abstract
Objective
Three types of dietary fiber were fed to sows during gestation and lactation stages to monitor their physiological and metabolic adaptations during the pre-partum period and to determine how these effects may influence the lactation period and sow performance.
Methods
Soon after breeding, 54 sows were selected and were fed with 20% supplementation as fed of wheat bran (WB), soya hulls (SH) or rice hulls (RH) in diets during gestation and lactation. Sows were weighed, backfat thickness was measured ultrasonically and jugular blood samples were collected from all sows. The litter size was equalized to 10, by fostering piglets from sows on the same treatment.
Results
Sows gained 22.0, 21.8 and 25.5 kg of net maternal body weight during gestation (for WB, SH and RH sows, respectively; p=0.007). There was no treatment effect on the body weight change during lactation (p=0.158), however RH sows consumed an average of 133.66 kg of feed, WB sows took 121.29 kg and SH sows took 126.77 kg during lactation ( p<0.001). The SH litters gained an average of 59.34 kg of weight during lactation, while other litters gained 51.58 and 49.98 kg (for WB and RH litters, respectively; p<0.001). With the exception of AST and ALT, measured serum biochemical values were broadly in agreement with earlier reports. Despite the use of additional vegetable oil to balance the energy level, RH sows still had lower concentrations of serum triglycerides in late gestation.
Conclusion
Different types of fibrous ingredients in the gestation diet influenced most of the investigated reference values for sows. The values of serum biochemical parameters were generally not affected by fiber type during the lactation stage. Soya hulls supplementation for sows is an effective approach to give heavier litters at birth and weaning and to increase voluntary feed intake in early lactation.
Keywords: Dietary Fiber; Gestation; Lactation; Sow and Litter Performance; Serum Biochemical Values


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