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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0886    [Accepted] Published online April 15, 2019.
Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of corn stover during field exposure and their fermentation characteristics of silage prepared with microbial additives
Jun Lei Gao1  , Peng Wang1,*  , Chang Hai Zhou1, Ping Li2, Hong Yu Tang1, Jia Bao Zhang1, Yi Min Cai3,*
1College of Animal Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, China
2School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Changchun Sci-Tech University, Changchun 130600, China
3Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba 305-8686, Japan
Correspondence:  Peng Wang, Tel: +86-431-87836170, Fax: +86-431-87836170, Email: pengwang@jlu.edu.cn
Yi Min Cai,Email: cai@affrc.go.jp
Received: 23 November 2018   • Revised: 22 December 2018   • Accepted: 18 March 2019
Abstract
Objective
To effectively use corn stover resources as animal feed, we explored the chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of corn stover during field exposure and the fermentation characteristics of silage prepared with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and cellulase.
Methods
Corn ears including the cobs and shucks were harvested at the ripe stage. The corn stover was exposed in the field under natural weather conditions. Silages were prepared after 0, 2, 4, 7, 15, 30, and 60 d of exposure. Corn stover was chopped into approximately 1-2 cm lengths and then packed into 5 liter plastic silos. The ensiling density was 550.1±20.0 g/L of fresh matter, and the silos were kept at room temperature (10-25°C). Silage treatments were designed as follows: without additives (control), with LAB, with cellulase, and with LAB+cellulase. After 45 d of fermentation, the silos were opened for chemical composition, fermentation quality and in vitro digestion analyses.
Results
After harvest, corn stover contained 78.19% moisture, 9.01% crude protein (CP) and 64.54% neutral detergent fiber (NDF) on a dry matter (DM) basis. During field exposure, the DM, NDF, and acid detergent fiber (ADF) contents of corn stover increased, whereas the CP and water-soluble carbohydrate contents and in vitro digestibility of the DM and CP decreased (p<0.05). Compared to the control silage, cellulase-treated silage had lower (p<0.05) NDF and ADF contents. The pH values were lower in silage treated with LAB, cellulase, or LAB+cellulase, and lactic acid contents were higher (p<0.05) than those of the control. Silage treated with cellulase or LAB+cellulase improved (p<0.05) the in vitro DM digestibility (IVDMD) compared to that of the control or LAB-treated silage.
Conclusion
Corn stover silage should be prepared using fresh materials since stover nutrients are lost during field exposure, and LAB and cellulase can improve silage fermentation and IVDMD.
Keywords: Cellulase; Corn stover; In vitro digestibility; Lactic Acid Bacteria; Silage Fermentation


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