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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0828    [Accepted] Published online February 7, 2019.
Prediction of methane emission from sheep based on data measured in vivo from open-circuit respiratory studies
Tao Ma1  , Kaidong Deng2, Qiyu Diao1,*
1Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China
2College of Animal Science, Jinling Institute of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Correspondence:  Qiyu Diao, Tel: +86 10 8210 6055, Fax: +86 10 6216 9105, Email: diaoqiyu@caas.cn
Received: 6 November 2018   • Revised: 31 December 2018   • Accepted: 14 January 2019
Abstract
Objectives: The current study analysed the relationships between methane (CH4) output from animal and dietary factors.

Methods

The dataset was obtained from 159 Dorper × thin-tailed Han lambs from our seven studies, and CH4 production and energy metabolism data were measured in vivo by an open-circuit respiratory method. All lambs were confined indoors and fed pelleted diet during the whole experimental period in all studies. Data from two-thirds of lambs were used to develop linear and multiple regressions to describe the relationship between CH4 emission and dietary variables, and data from the remaining one third of lambs were used to validate the established models.

Results

CH4 emission (g/d) was positively related to dry matter intake (DMI) and gross energy intake (GEI) (P < 0.001). CH4 energy/GEI was negatively related to metabolizable energy/gross energy (ME/GE) and metabolizable energy/digestible energy (ME/DE) (P < 0.001). Using DMI to predict CH4 emission (g/d) resulted in a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.80. Using GEI, DEI, and MEI predict CH4 energy/GEI resulted in a R2 of 0.92.
Conclusion
the prediction equations established in the current study are useful to develop appropriate feeding and management strategies to mitigate CH4 emissions from sheep.
Keywords: Methane; Sheep; Prediction Equation; Digestible Energy; Metabolisable Energy
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