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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 31(7); 2018 > Article
Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2018;31(7): 927-932.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0405    Published online May 31, 2018.
Current situation and future prospects for global beef production: overview of special issue
Stephen B. Smith1,*  , Takafumi Gotoh2,3  , Paul L. Greenwood4,5 
1Department of Animal Science, 2471 TAMU, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
2Department of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
3Kuju Agricultural Research Center, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Takeda 878-0201, Japan
4New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Armidale Livestock Industries Centre, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia
5CSIRO Agriculture and Food, FD McMaster Laboratory Chiswick, Armidale NSW 2350, Australia
Correspondence:  Stephen B. Smith, Tel: +1-979-845-3939, Fax: +1-979-458-2702, Email: sbsmith@tamu.edu
Received: 29 May 2018   • Revised: 30 May 2018   • Accepted: 31 May 2018
Abstract
The demand for beef as a protein source is increasing worldwide, although in most countries beef accounts for considerably less than half of total meat consumption. Beef also provides a highly desirable eating experience in developed countries and, increasingly, in developing countries. The sustainability of beef production has different meanings in the various geographical and socio-economic regions of the world. Natural resources including land mass and uses, rainfall and access to livestock feed, and the robustness of the economy are major determinants of the perception of beef sustainability. In this overview of the 2016 International Symposium on “Future Beef in Asia” and this subsequent Special Edition of the Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences on “Current Situation and Future Prospects for Global Beef Production”, the contributions have been grouped into the following categories: Countries in Southeast Asia; Europe; and Countries producing highly marbled beef for export and/or domestic consumption. They also include reference to Special Topics including marbled beef production, and use of “omics” technologies to enhance beef quality assurance. Among these broad categories, notable differences exist across countries in the production and marketing of beef. These reflect differences in factors including natural resource availability and climate, population size, traditional culture and degree of economic development including industrial and technological developments. We trust that the International Symposium and this Special Edition on Current Situation and Future Prospects for Global Beef Production, the contents of which that are briefly summarized in this paper, will serve as a valuable resource for the livestock industries, researchers and students with an interest in enhancing the prospects for sustainable, efficient beef production that satisfies the growing size and complexity of consumer demands and markets for beef.
Keywords: Global Beef Production; Cattle; Production System


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