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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.16.0126    [Accepted] Published online September 9, 2016.
Effect of fibrous diets on chemical composition and odours from pig slurry
Conference Thando Mpendulo1,2, Michael Chimonyo1,*
1University of kwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
2University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa
Correspondence:  Michael Chimonyo, Tel: +27332605477, Fax: +27332605067, Email: chimonyo@ukzn.ac.za
Received: 15 February 2016   • Revised: 16 March 2016   • Accepted: 6 September 2016
Abstract
Incorporating high fibre ingredients into pig diets has the potential to reduce odour emissions from of pigs. The current study was carried out to determine effect of diets containing 0, 80 and 160 g/kg of each of lucerne hay, maize cobs and sunflower husks on the chemical characteristics and odours from pig slurries. Twenty eight pigs averaging 18 ± 2.0 kg were kept in individual cages, over four weeks. All pigs were fed ad libitum. Faeces and urine were collected, mixed in a 1: 2.3 ratio (w/w), stored and fermented for 16 days in a temperature controlled room at 22 ± 2.3 ºC. The slurry was sampled twice (on day 1 and on day 16) of the fermentation period and analysed for pH, chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentration, on wet basis. All samples were tested for odour offensiveness using 18 panelists. A scale of 1 to 5 was used to rank the odour severity, (1 = not offensive, 5 = extremely offensive). Slurry pH and COD varied with fibre source (P <0.05). On day 16, COD for lucerne hay, sunflower husk and maize cobs were 369, 512 and 425 (SEM= 34.2) mg of oxygen per litre. Total SCFA concentration was higher at day 16 than day 1 (P <0.05). Odour offensiveness varied with fibre source across both incubation periods (P <0.05). Sunflower husks and lucerne hay-based diets were rated as less offensive (mean rank = 2.2) than maize cob diets (mean rank of 4.3) (P <0.05). It was concluded that different fibre sources and incubation period influence chemical composition and odour of the slurry. There is, thereby, a need to incorporate locally available fibrous feeds in the diet of pigs because they have an economical and environmental relevance to pig management.
Keywords: Dietary fibre; slurry; odours; pigs


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