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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2011;24(9): 1211-1216.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.11024    Published online August 24, 2011.
Changes of Hypothalamic GnRH-I, POMC and NPY mRNA Expression and Serum IGF-I and Leptin Concentrations during Maturation of Shaoxing Ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)
Y. Ni, L. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zhao
Sexual maturity in poultry is controlled by a complex neural circuit located in the basal forebrain, which integrates the central and peripheral signals to activate hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion. This study demonstrated the changes of GnRH-I, POMC and NPY mRNA transcription in hypothalamus and IGF-I and leptin levels in serum of Shaoxing ducks during puberty. Body weight increased progressively from d30 to d120 and at d120 the flock reached 5% of laying rate. A significant up-regulation of hypothalamic GnRH-I mRNA expression was observed from d60, reaching the peak at d120. POMC and NPY mRNA expression in hypothalamus showed a similar pattern, which increased from d30 to d60, followed by a significant decrease towards sexual maturity. Serum IGF-I levels exhibited two peaks at d30 and d120, respectively. Serum leptin displayed a single peak at d90. The results indicate that the down-regulation of POMC and NPY genes in hypothalamus coincides with the up-regulation of GnRH-I gene to initiate sexual maturation in ducks. In addition, peripheral IGF-I and leptin may relay the peripheral metabolic status to the central system and contribute to the initiation of the reproductive function in ducks.
Keywords: GnRH-I; POMC; NPY; Leptin; IGF-1; Sexual Maturity; Duck
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