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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2011;24(4): 479-484.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10220    Published online February 23, 2011.
Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Status during Transition Period in Dairy Cows
N. Sharma, N. K. Singh, O. P. Singh, V. Pandey, P. K. Verma
Abstract
The study was conducted on 20 Holstein X Sahiwal cross bred dairy cows, with an average milk production of 2,752113.79 liters in 2845.75 days during a single lactation, that were divided in to two groups of 10 animals. We investigated the oxidative stress and antioxidant status during the transition period in dairy cows. In this study, plasma level of MDA was considered as an indicator of lipid peroxidation and SOD, catalase, GSH and GSHPx as antioxidants. The lipid peroxidation was significantly (p<0.001) higher in cows during early lactation as compared to the cows in advanced pregnancy. A significant positive correlation (r = +0.831, p<0.01) was determined between MDA and catalase in early lactating cows. In early lactating cows, blood glutathione was significantly lower than in advanced pregnant cows. However, early lactating cows showed non-significant negative correlation for all antioxidant enzymes with lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, dairy cows seemed to have more oxidative stress and low antioxidant defense during early lactation or just after parturition than advanced pregnant cows, and this appears to be the reason for their increased susceptibility to production diseases (e.g. mastitis, metritis, retention of fetal membranes etc.) and other health problems.
Keywords: Antioxidative Enzymes; Oxidative Stress; Production Diseases; Transition Period; Dairy Cow


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