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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 24(3); 2011 > Article
Poultry and Laboratory Animal Nutrition
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2011;24(3): 400-406.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10273    Published online February 22, 2011.
Effect of Exogenous Xylanase Supplementation on the Performance, Net Energy and Gut Microflora of Broiler Chickens Fed Wheat-based Diets
F. Nian, Y. M. Guo, Y. J. Ru, F. D. Li, A. Péron
Abstract
An experiment was carried out to assess the effects of xylanase supplementation on the performance, net energy and gut microflora of broilers fed a wheat-based diet. Day-old male broiler chicks were allocated to two dietary treatments. Each treatment was composed of six replicate cages of seven broilers per cage. The diets were wheat-based and offered as mash. The treatments included i) basal diet deficient in metabolizable energy; and ii) basal diet supplemented with a commercial xylanase added at 4,000 U/kg feed. Bird performance, nutrient utilization and gut microbial populations were measured. Heat production and net energy were determined using an auto-control, open circuit respiration calorimetry apparatus. Results showed that exogenous xylanase supplementation improved feed conversion efficiency (p<0.05) and increased diet AME (+4.2%; p<0.05), as well as heat production (HP), net energy for production (NEp), production of CO2, and consumption of O2. The respiratory quotient (RQ) was also increased (p<0.01) by the addition of xylanase. NEp value was increased by 26.1% while daily heat production per kg metabolizable body weight was decreased by 26.2% when the xylanase was added. Xylanase supplementation numerically increased the ileal digestibility of protein and energy by 3 and 6 percentage units respectively (p>0.05). The ileal digestibility of hemicellulose was significantly improved by xylanase addition (p<0.05).
Keywords: Xylanase; Wheat; Performance; Net Energy; Gut Microflora; Broiler


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