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Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2010;23(12): 1668-1676.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.10329    Published online October 25, 2010.
The Endocrine Regulation of Chicken Growth
Jin Wook Kim
Abstract
The somatotropic axis plays a key role in proliferation and differentiation of avian organs during both pre- and post-hatching periods. This review discusses the complexity of regulation of the endocrine system for chicken development and growth by growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor (IGF), and IGF binding protein (IGFBP). In addition, the thyrotropic axis, including thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and thyroid hormones (T4 and T3), is also involved in the GH-secreting pattern. In mammals, IGF-I and -II are always sequestered in a 150 kDa non-covalent ternary complex. This complex consists of one molecule each of IGF-I or IGF-II, IGFBP-3 or IGFBP-5 and an acid labile subunit (ALS). Chick ALS is identified in different strains for the first time, and further investigation of the expression of ALS on developmental stage and ALS effect on IGF bioavailability may be addressed in the future.
Keywords: Chicken; Growth; GH; IGF-I; IGFBP; ALS


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