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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2010;23(12): 1557-1565.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.10118    Published online October 25, 2010.
Vitellogenin Induction and Histo-metabolic Changes Following Exposure of Cyprinus carpio to Methyl Paraben
A. V. Barse, T. Chakrabarti, T. K. Ghosh, A. K. Pal, Neeraj Kumar, R. P. Raman, S. B. Jadhao
Abstract
Methyl paraben (MP), which is used as a preservative in pharmaceutical and cosmetic (shampoo) products, foods and beverages, enters into the aquatic environment and can pose a potential fish health hazard. In this experiment, effects of MP were evaluated in adult male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) by exposing them to fractions (1/143rd to 1/29th) of the LC50 dose with every change of water for 28 days. Vitellogenin induction, metabolic enzymes, somatic indices and bioaccumulation were studied at weekly intervals. The 96th h LC50 of MP in fingerlings was 120 mg/L. Compared to the control, except for increases (p<0.01) in alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1), alanine aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.2) and liver size, there were decreases (p<0.01) in activity of acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2), aspartate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.1), and testiculosomatic index following exposure to any dose of MP. Vitellogenin induction was significantly higher (p<0.01) in exposed than unexposed (control) fish. The bioaccumulation of MP in testis, liver, brain, gills and muscle tissues of fish increased significantly (p<0.01) with increase of dose from 0.84 ppm to 1.68 ppm. Dose and duration of exposure (p<0.01) indicated that an exposure period of 1 to 2 weeks was sufficient to cause changes in the quantifiable parameters studied. Fish exposed to 4.2 ppm MP became lethargic after the 26th d. Histologically, degeneration, vacuolization and focal necrotic changes in liver and fibrosis-like changes in testicular tissue were noted.
Keywords: Methyl Paraben; Fish; Endocrine Disruption; LC50; Vitellogenin; Metabolic Enzymes; Histopathology
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