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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 23(9); 2010 > Article
Animal Biotechnology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2010;23(9): 1221-1228.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.10013    Published online August 20, 2010.
Estimation of Lipoprotein-lipase Activity (LPL) and Other Biochemical Changes in Two Breeds of Overfeeding Geese
Hengyong Xu, Yan Wang, Chunchun Han, Li Jiang, Weihua Zhuo, Jianqiang Ye, Jiwen Wang
Abstract
This study aimed to examine the effect of overfeeding on biochemical parameters and lipoprotein-lipase (LPL) mRNA expression in different tissues associated with hepatic lipogenesis in Sichuan white and Landes geese. Fifty healthy male Sichuan white geese and fifty male Landes geese (Cygnus atratus) were hatched on the same day under the same feeding conditions and were selected as experimental animals. After overfeeding for 14 days (from 14 weeks to 16 weeks) and then slaughtering, the biochemical changes of hepatic lipogenesis were evaluated. Results showed that i) in Landes geese, the plasma concentration of glucose was higher (p<0.001), while plasma concentrations of insulin and VLDL were both lower (p<0.01); ii) the LPL mRNA level in pectoralis muscle and leg muscle of the overfed groups in both breeds was higher (p<0.05) than in the control groups; iii) in Sichuan white geese, the proportion of fatty liver weight was positively correlated with plasma triacylglycerols (TG)(p<0.05) and VLDL concentrations (p<0.05), while these correlations were not significant in Landes geese; and iv) the activity of LPL had significant positive correlation with the proportions of lipids in subcutaneous adipose tissue and abdominal adipose tissue in Sichuan white geese, while in Landes geese the correlation was negative (p<0.05) with proportions of lipids in the liver, LPL activity had a significant positive correlation with the proportions of lipids in subcutaneous adipose tissue. These results suggest that the Landes geese have a better ability to use the massive amount of ingested food and to store lipids preferentially in the liver, but the Sichuan white geese have a relatively lower ability to use energetic nutrients and lipid storage is more efficient in the adipose tissues.
Keywords: Fatty Liver; Goose; LPL Activity; LPL Expression; Overfeeding
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