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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 22(12); 2009 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2009;22(12): 1609-1613.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2009.90198    Published online October 21, 2009.
Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Finished and Furlong Times in Thoroughbred Racehorses
Byung-Wook Cho, Tae-Yong Ha, Kwang-Hyun Cho, Si-Dong Kim, Hak-Kyo Lee, Hong-Sik Kong, Kyung-Do Park
Abstract
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for racing performance traits of thoroughbred racehorses, using a total of 58,124 racing records of 4,200 horses at Gwacheon Racing Park collected from January 2002 to December 2006. This study measured start one furlong time, last three and last one furlong times, and the resulting furlong time averages were 14.2 seconds, 39.9 seconds and 13.9 seconds, respectively. Furlong time means a split time measured based on a 1/8-mile (or approximately 201 m) distance and finished time means total racing time measured from start position to finish line. In the shortest distance races of 1,000 m, the average last three and last one furlong time was fastest at 38.7 seconds and 13.6 seconds, respectively. The correlation between finished time and start one furlong time decreased as the race distance increased, and the same trend was recognized from the correlation between finished time and last three furlong time. In short distance races of 1,400 m or less, the starting ability was found to be an important trait. The average speed was highest at 56 km/h for a 1,000 m race and lowest at 53.2 km/h for a 1,700 m race. Heritabilities of the start one furlong time, the last three and last one furlong time were estimated to be 0.337, 0.245 and 0.210, respectively; and repeatabilities for them were 0.452, 0.353 and 0.309, respectively. Phenotypic and genetic correlations between the start and the last one furlong time were negative at -0.141 and -0.155, respectively.
Keywords: Furlong Time; Finished Time; Genetic Parameter; Heritability; Repeatability; Thoroughbred


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