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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 22(5); 2009 > Article
Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2009;22(5): 626-635.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2009.70267    Published online April 30, 2009.
Effect of Antioxidant Preservative on Cold Protection Ability of Low Grade Riverine Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Bull Spermatozoa
P. K. Pankaj*, V. S. Raina, B. Roy, T. K. Mohanty, A. Mishra
Correspondence:  P. K. Pankaj,
Abstract
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of Butylated Hydroxy Anisole (BHA), Butylated Hydroxy Toluene (BHT), Pentoxifylline (PTX), Theophylline (TPY) and Theobromine (TBR) on cold protection ability of Murrah buffalo semen at room (22-25C) and refrigerated temperature (4-7C). Each semen sample was divided into six parts of equal volume and sperm concentration; the first was kept as a control and the remaining five were treated with BHA, BHT, PTX, TPY or TBR. Sperm motility, abnormal spermatozoa, live-dead count, hypo-osmotic swelling and acrosomal integrity were studied at room and refrigerated temperature for various incubation periods viz.; 0, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h at room and 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 h at refrigerated temperature. Significant improvement in sperm motility, live-dead count, hypo-osmotic swelling and acrosomal integrity were observed in BHT, PTX and TPY fortified extender at room and refrigerated temperature for various incubation periods. From the present study it could be concluded that cold protection ability of buffalo semen can be improved through the addition of BHT followed by PTX and TPY.
Keywords: Buffalo Semen; Sperm Motility; Non-Eosinohilic; Butylated Hydroxy Anisole; Butylated Hydroxy Toluene; Pentoxifylline; Theophylline


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