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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 22(3); 2009 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2009;22(3): 313-318.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2009.80400    Published online March 4, 2009.
Isolation, Expression Pattern, Polymorphism and Association Analysis of Porcine TIAF1 Gene
Y. Wang, Y. Z. Xiong*, Z. Q. Ren, B. Zuo, M. G. Lei, C. Y. Deng
Correspondence:  Y. Z. Xiong,
Abstract
TIAF1 is a TGF-1-induced anti-apoptotic factor that plays a critical role in blocking TNF (tumor necrosis factor) cytotoxicity in mouse fibroblasts and participates in TGF--mediated growth regulation. In this study, we obtained the full-length cDNA sequence of the porcine TIAF1 gene. Real-time PCR further revealed that the TIAF1 gene was expressed at the highest level in liver and kidney with prominent expressions detected in uterus, and lower levels detected in heart, spleen, lung, stomach, small intestine, skeletal muscle and fat of Large White pigs. Sequence analysis indicated that a 6 base-pair deletion mutation existed in the exon of the TIAF1 gene between Meishan and Large White pigs. This mutation induced deletion of Gln and Val amino acids. PCR-RFLP was used to detect the polymorphism in 394 pigs of a “Large WhiteMeishan” F2 resource population and four purebred pig populations. The frequencies of the A allele (with a 6 bp deletion) were dominant in Chinese Meishan and Bamei pigs, and the frequencies of the B allele (no 6 bp deletion) were dominant in Large White and Landrace pigs. Association analyses revealed that the deletion mutation had highly significant associations (p<0.01) with meat marbling score of the thorax-waist longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle (MM1) and intramuscular fat percentage (IMF), and significant associations (p<0.05) with carcass length (CL). The results presented here supply evidence that the 6 bp deletion mutation in the TIAF1 gene affects porcine meat quality and provides useful information for further porcine breeding.
Keywords: TIAF1; Porcine; Real-time PCR; Carcass Traits; Meat Quality Traits; Deletion Mutation


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