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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 21(10); 2008 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2008;21(10): 1389-1394.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2008.70732    Published online September 3, 2008.
Microsatellite Markers Linked to Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Fatness in Divergently Selected Chicken Lines for Abdominal Fat
Hui Zhang, Shouzhi Wang, Hui Li*, Xijiang Yu, Ning Li, Qin Zhang, Xiaofeng Liu, Qigui Wang, Xiaoxiang Hu, Yuxiang Wang, Zhiquan Tang
Correspondence:  Hui Li,
Abstract
Abdominal fat characters are complex and economically important in the poultry industry. Their selection may benefit from the implementation of marker-assisted selection (MAS). The objective of this study was to identify the markers linked to QTL responsible for fatness traits. The Northeast Agricultural University broiler lines divergently selected for abdominal fat content (NEAUHLF) were used in the study. A total of 596 individuals from the divergent tails from the 6th to the 10th generations were genotyped at 23 microsatellite markers on chromosome 1. The differences of allele frequencies of all marker alleles between the divergent tails across the five generations were recorded. The allele frequencies of five markers, including LEI0209, LEI0146, MCW0036, ADL328 and MCW0115, had significant differences between the two tails in all five generations. The resulting p-values using Fisher’s exact test on eleven markers, containing MCW248, MCW0010, MCW0106, LEI0252, LEI0068, MCW0018, MCW0061, LEI0088, MCW200, MCW283 and ROS0025, had a decreasing tendency from the 6th to the 10th generation. Statistical analysis showed that polymorphisms of the eight markers, including LEI0209, LEI0146, ROS0025, MCW0115, MCW0010, MCW0036, MCW283, ADL328, were significantly (p<0.0011) or suggestively (p<0.05) associated with abdominal fat content (AFW and AFP) across generations. It is concluded that the eight markers could be associated with the QTL affecting the deposition of abdominal fat in broiler chickens.
Keywords: Chicken; Abdominal Fat Traits; QTL; Microsatellites; Allele Frequencies


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