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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2008;21(5): 633-639.
Published online May 6, 2008.
Genetic Relationship of Gestation Length with Birth and Weaning Weight in Hanwoo (Bos Taurus Coreanae)
J. M. Hwang, J. G. Choi, H. C. Kim, Y. H. Choy, S. Kim, C. Lee, J. B. Kim*
Correspondence:  J. B. Kim,
Abstract
The genetic relationship of gestation length (GL) with birth and weaning weight (BW, WW) was investigated using data collected from the Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, Republic of Korea. Analytical mixed models including birth year‐season, sex of calf, linear and quadratic covariates of age of dam (days) and linear covariate of age at weaning (days) as fixed effects were used. Corresponding restricted maximum likelihood (REML) and Bayesian estimates of variance components and heritability were obtained with two models; Model 1 included only direct genetic effect and Model 2 included direct genetic, maternal genetic and permanent environmental effect. All the genetic parameter estimates from REML were corresponding to the Bayesian estimates. Direct heritability estimates for GL, BW, and WW were 0.48, 0.33 and 0.25 by Model 1. From Model 2, direct and maternal heritability estimates were 0.38 and 0.03 for GL, 0.14 and 0.05 for BW, and 0.08 and 0.05 for WW. Genetic correlation estimates between direct and maternal effects were 0.05 for GL, 0.59 for BW, and 0.52 for WW. Estimates of direct genetic correlation between GL and BW (WW) were 0.44 (0.21). Positive genetic correlation of GL with BW and WW imply that selection for greater BW or WW would lead to prolonged gestation length.
Keywords: Gestation Length; Birth Weight; Weaning Weight; Heritability; Genetic Correlation; Hanwoo


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