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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 21(4); 2008 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2008;21(4): 478-483.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2008.70149    Published online March 4, 2008.
Genetic Parameters and Annual Trends for Birth and Weaning Weights of a Northeastern Thai Indigenous Cattle Line
W. Intaratham, S. Koonawootrittriron, P. Sopannarath, H-U. Graser, S. Tumwasorn*
Correspondence:  S. Tumwasorn,
Abstract
Records of a Northeastern Thai indigenous cattle line population were used to estimate genetic parameters and annual trends for calf weights. The data set comprised records of 1,922 and 1,489 animals for birth and weaning weight, respectively born from 1993 to 2004. A bivariate analysis was carried out for variance and covariance components estimations using average information restricted maximum likelihood procedure. Average estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value of the animals born in 1993 were set to zero as a base group. Genetic trends of each trait were calculated by regressing average estimated breeding values and maternal breeding values on birth year of calves. Phenotypic trends for each trait were calculated by regressing the yearly adjusted weight on birth year of calves. The results revealed that the estimate of direct heritability, maternal heritability and maternal permanent environmental variance as a proportion of phenotypic variance for birth and weaning weight was 0.40, 0.14 and 0.04; 0.27, 0.05 and 0.23, respectively. Direct heritability was moderately heritable and genetic improvement through selection can be achieved. The estimate of phenotypic, direct genetic, maternal genetic and maternal permanent environmental correlation between birth and weaning weight was 0.48, 0.65, 0.98 and 0.73, respectively. The phenotypic trend, genetic trends of estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value for birth weight was 0.18, 0.04 and 0.01 kg/year, respectively. The phenotypic trend, genetic trends of estimated breeding value and maternal breeding value for weaning weight was -1.36, 0.32 and 0.03 kg/year, respectively. As maternal genetic effect was considerably less important than direct genetic effect, selection for improved weaning weight of this Northeastern Thai indigenous cattle line can place more emphasis on the direct genetic effect.
Keywords: Thai Indigenous Cattle; Genetic Parameters; Annual Trends; Calf Weights


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