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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 20(12); 2007 > Article
Animal Products
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(12): 1887-1894.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1887    Published online October 30, 2007.
Rapid Identification of Bifidobacteria in Dairy Products by Gene-targeted Species-specific PCR Technique and DGGE
Wei-Shung Hong, Ming-Ju Chen*
Correspondence:  Ming-Ju Chen,
Abstract
In this paper, a rapid and reliable gene-targeted species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique based on a two-step process was established to identify bifidobacteria in dairy products. The first step was the PCR assay for genus Bifidobacterium with genus specific primers followed by the second step, which identified the species level with species-specific primer mixtures. Ten specific primer pairs, designed from nucleotide sequences of the 16-23S rRNA region, were developed for the Bifidobacterium species including B. angulatum, B. animalis, B. bifidum, B. breve, B. catenulatum, B. infantis, B. longum, B. minimum, B. subtile, and B. thermophilum. This technique was applied to the identification of Bifidobacterium species isolated from 6 probiotic products, and four different Bifidobacterium spp. (B. bifidum, B. longum, B. infantis, and B. breve) were identified. The findings indicated that the 16S-23S rDNA gene-targeted species-specific PCR technique is a simple and reliable method for identification of bifidobacteria in probiotic products. PCR combined with Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) for identification of the bifidobacteria was also evaluated and compared with the gene-targeted species-specific technique. Results indicated that for fermented milk products consistency was found for both species-specific PCR and PCR-DGGE in detecting species. However, in some lyophilized products, the bands corresponding to these species were not visualized in the DGGE profile but the specific PCR gave a positive result.
Keywords: Bifidobacterium spp.; Species-specific PCR; DGGE
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