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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 20(12); 2007 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(12): 1865-1873.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1865    Published online October 30, 2007.
Effects of Dietary Metabolizable Energy and Lysine on Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality in Arbor Acres Broilers
M. Y. Tang, Q. G. Ma, X. D. Chen, C. Ji*
Correspondence:  C. Ji,
Abstract
An experiment was performed to evaluate the effects of dietary metabolizable energy (ME) and lysine on carcass characteristics and meat quality in Arbor Acres (AA) broilers from 1 to 56 days of age. A total of 2,970 1-d-old male broiler chicks were randomly allocated to nine dietary treatments (three ME levels in combination with three lysine levels), and dietary ME and lysine concentrations were formulated by varying corn, soybean meal, tallow, and L-lysine sulfate concentrations. Live body weight (BW), carcass weight (CW), dressing percent, breast muscle weight (BMW), yield of breast muscle, muscle color (CIE L*, a*, and b*), pH values 45 min and 24 h postmortem (pH45, and pH24), meat shear force value (SFV), and water loss rate (WLR) were evaluated. Results showed that live body weight and dressing percent increased (p<0.05) as dietary energy increased. Higher dietary lysine content improved breast muscle weight. Neither carcass weight nor yield of breast muscle was affected by dietary energy or lysine content. Higher ME increased the b* value (p = 0.067) and pH24 value (p<0.05), whereas it decreased SFV (p<0.05) and WLR (p = 0.06). Only water loss rate was influenced (p<0.01) by dietary lysine, which was higher in broilers from the high lysine diet as compared to those from medium or low lysine diets. The pH45 value and L* value of breast muscle were not affected by ME or lysine. Significant interaction of dietary ME and lysine was found on a* value of breast muscle. These results indicated that dietary ME and lysine had important effects on breast muscle growth and meat quality, however their effects were different. Different concentrations of dietary ME and lysine might be considered to improve meat quality.
Keywords: Metabolizable Energy; Lysine; Carcass Trait; Meat Quality; Broiler


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