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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 20(10); 2007 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(10): 1600-1605.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1600    Published online August 30, 2007.
Effects of Oxidative Stress on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibilities and Activities of Antioxidative Enzymes of Weanling Pigs
Shi-bin Yuan, Dai-wen Chen, Ke-ying Zhang, Bing Yu
Abstract
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of oxidative stress on growth performance, nutrient digestibilities and activities of antioxidant enzymes of weanling pigs. In the experiment, 24 male Landrance??Yorkshire weanling pigs were allotted to three groups of 8 animals each. Pigs were fed individually. According to a single factorial arrangement, pigs received diets with 5% of either fresh (group 1 and group 3) or oxidized fish oil (peroxide value was 786.50 meq O2/kg before inclusion in the diet, group 2). At the beginning of the experiment, pigs in group 3 received an intraperitoneal injection of diquat at 12 mg/kg of body weight. The trial lasted for 26 d. A metabolism test was carried out during the last 4 days of the second week. The results showed that feeding diets containing oxidized fish oil or injection with diquat depressed the growth performance and nutrient digestibilities of weanling pigs, decreased activities of antioxidant enzymes and increased concentration of malondialdehyde in plasma and liver. Intraperitoneal injection of diquat would induce more serious oxidative stress than oral intake of oxidized fish oil in the diet. In conclusion, administration of oxidized fish oil or diquat could induce oxidative stress in weanling pigs, and oxidative stress could depress growth performance and impact anti-oxidative ability of young pigs.
Keywords: Oxidative Stress; Piglets; Performance; Nutrient Digestibility; Antioxidant Enzyme


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