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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(10): 1478-1484.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1478    Published online August 30, 2007.
Mitochondrial DNA Diversity and Origin of Red Chittagong Cattle
M. S. A. Bhuiyan, A. K. F. H. Bhuiyan, D. H. Yoon, J. T. Jeon, C. S. Park, J. H. Lee
To determine the origin and genetic diversity of Red Chittagong (RC) cattle in Bangladesh, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA displacement loop (D-loop) sequences of 48 samples along with 22 previously published sequences from Bos indicus and Bos taurus breeds. Twenty five haplotypes were identified in RC cattle that were defined by 44 polymorphic sites and nucleotide diversity was 0.0055??.0026. The estimated sequence divergence times between RC and other zebu cattle breeds studied ranged between 22,700-26,900 years before present (YBP) which, it is suggested, predate domestication of RC cattle. Furthermore, it is assumed that introgressions have occurred in this breed mainly from Indian zebu breeds in the recent millennia. The phylogenetic studies showed RC cattle clustered with Bos indicus lineage with two distinct haplogroups representing high genetic variability of this breed. These findings can be used for designing proper breeding and conservation strategies for RC cattle in Bangladesh.
Keywords: Red Chittagong Cattle; Mitochondrial DNA; D-loop; Diversity; Phylogenetic Analysis

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