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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 19(10); 2006 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(10): 1379-1383.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.1379    Published online August 2, 2006.
Genetic Parameter Estimation of Carcass Traits of Duroc Predicted Using Ultrasound Scanning Modes
Agapita J. Salces, Kang Seok Seo*, Kyu Ho Cho, SiDong Kim, Young Chang Lee
Correspondence:  Kang Seok Seo,
Abstract
A total of 6,804 records for Duroc breed were collected from three farms registered at the Korean Animal Improvement Association (KAIA) from 1998 to 2004 of which both records from two ultrasound modes (A and B) were analyzed to estimate the variance components of carcass traits. Three carcass traits backfat thickness (bf), loin eye muscle area (lma) and lean meat percentage (lmp) were measured. These traits were analyzed separately as bf1, lma1 and lmp1 for ultrasound mode A and bf2, lma2 and lmp2 for ultrasound mode B with multiple trait animal model by using MTDFREML (Boldman et al., 1993). All the traits revealed medium heritability values. Estimated heritabilities for bf1, bf2, lma1, lma2, lmp1 and lmp2 were 0.45, 0.39, 0.32, 0.25, 0.28 and 0.39, respectively. Estimated genetic correlations for traits bf1 and bf2, lma1 and lma2, lmp1 and lmp2 were positive but low. Specifically, genetic correlations between bf1 and bf2 was 0.30 while the estimates for lean traits between lma1 and lma2 and between lmp1 and lmp2 were 0.15 and 0.18, respectively. Conversely, high negative genetic correlations existed between bf1 and the lean traits lma2, lmp2. Likewise, the estimated genetic correlations between lma1 and lma2 and lmp1 and lmp2 were low.
Keywords: Duroc; Genetic Parameters; Carcass Traits; Ultrasound Mode


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