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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 19(9); 2006 > Article
Animal Products
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(9): 1354-1360.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.1354    Published online August 2, 2006.
Effects of Enzyme Addition to Broiler Diets Containing Varying Levels of Double Zero Rapeseed Meal
K. R. Ramesh, G. Devegowda*, H. Khosravinia
Correspondence:  G. Devegowda,
Abstract
Maize-soybean meal diets with 0, 100, 200 and 300 g/kg double zero rapeseed meal (??0??RSM) with and without an enzyme mixture (xylanase, pectinase, cellulase) at a level of 1.6 g/kg were evaluated with 624 day-old broiler chicks for 5 weeks. The birds were randomly allocated to eight dietary treatments with three replicates of 26 birds each. Average daily gain (ADG) and feed intake (FI) were recorded weekly and ileal viscosity, organ weights, serum enzyme activity, hormonal profile and hematological parameters were measured at the end of week 5. Average daily gain during the weekly periods was significantly influenced by the dietary level of ??0??RSM (p<0.01). Inclusion of ??0??RSM improved the ADG up to day 28 with the increased level; beyond that time no improvement was recorded when compared to control groups. However, ADG from 1-35 days was significantly different between 300 g/kg inclusion level of ??0??RSM and the control diet. Inconsistent decline in feed intake and feed conversion ratio was observed up to day 21 and the trend was reversed thereafter. The proportion of ??0??RSM in the diet had a significant (p??.05) influence on thyroid weight but had no effect on the relative weights of liver and heart, serum enzyme activities (??glutamyl transferase, alanine amino transferase and aspartate amino transferase), thyroid hormones (T3 and T4), hemoglobin level and hematocrit. Significant improvement in ADG was recorded during the 2nd week of age with the addition of enzyme, whereas for all other periods, including the whole period of the trial, higher but non-significant ADG was observed. FI and FCR were not affected by the addition of enzyme but there was a numerical reduction in FCR during the whole period. The addition of enzyme reduced the ileal viscosity at all levels of ??0??RSM inclusion. The results suggest that ??0??RSM can be included up to 300 g/kg in broiler diets without any adverse effects on health and performance. The addition of commercial enzyme mixture containing xylanase, pectinase, cellulase to broiler diets containing ??0??RSM has some effect on growth rate and feed conversion efficiency.
Keywords: NSP (Non-starch Polysaccharide); ??0??RSM (Double Zero Rapeseed Meal); AST (Aspartate Amino Transferase); ALT (Alanine Amino Transferase); GGT (款-Glutamyl Transferase); T3 (Triiodothyronine); T4 (Thyroxine)


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