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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 19(3); 2006 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(3): 402-405.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.402    Published online February 1, 2006.
Effects of Betaine on Performence, Carcass Characteristics and Hepatic Betaine-homocysteine Methyltransferase Activity in Finishing Barrows
J. Feng*, X. Liu, Y.Z. Wang, Z.R. Xu
Correspondence:  J. Feng,
Abstract
This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of dietary betaine (0, 0.125%) on performance, carcass composition, pork quality and hepatic betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) activity of crossbred finishing barrows. Three replicates of ten pigs were used for each treatment. The results showed that average daily gain, feed intake and feed conversion were not affected by betaine. Compared with the control group, pigs treated with betaine had a 8.17% (p<0.05) decrease in carcass fat percentage, and a 8.84% (p<0.05) reduction in 10th-rib backfat thickness, but dressing percentage, percentage lean, longissimus muscle area, and average backfat thickness were not affected. There were also no significant differences in muscle color score, marbling score, pork pH value and water loss rate between the control and betaine-treated groups. Hepatic betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) activity was significantly increased by 13.97% (p<0.05) when pigs were offered 0.125% betaine.
Keywords: Betaine; Barrow; Performace; Carcass Characteristics; Pork; BHMT Activity


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