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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(3): 324-328.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.324    Published online February 1, 2006.
cDNA Cloning and Polymorphism of the Porcine Carbonic Anhydrase III (CA3) Gene
J. Wu, C.Y. Deng, Y.Z. Xiong, D.H. Zhou, M.G. Lei, B. Zuo, F.E. Li, J. Wang
Carbonic anhydrase III (CA3) is a member of a multigene family that encode carbonic anhydrase isozymes. In this study, a complete coding sequence of the pig CA3 gene which encodes a 260 amino-acid protein was determined. The amino acid comparison showed high sequence similarities with previously identified human (86.5%) CA3 gene and mouse (91.5%) Car3 gene. The partial genomic DNA sequences were also investigated. The length of intron 1 was 727 bp. Comparative sequencing of three pig breeds revealed that there was a T??C substitution at position 363 within intron 1. The substitution was situated within a NcoI recognition site and was developed as a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) marker for further use in population variation investigations and association analysis. Two alleles (A and B) were identified, and 617 bp fragments were observed for the AA genotype and 236 bp and 381 bp fragments for the BB genotype. The polymorphism of CA3 was detected in 8 pig breeds. Allele B was predominant in the Western pig breeds. In addition, association studies of the CA3 polymorphism with carcass traits in 140 Yorkshire횞Meishan F2 offspring showed that the NcoI PCR- RFLP genotype may be associated with variation in several carcass traits of interest for pig breeding. Allele B was associated with increases in lean meat percentage, loin eye height and loin eye area. Statistically significant association with backfat thickness was also found; pigs with the AB genotype had much less backfat thickness than AA or BB genotypes.
Keywords: Carbonic Anhydrase III; Pig; PCR-RFLP; Polymorphism

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