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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 18(12); 2005 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005;18(12): 1769-1774.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.1769    Published online December 2, 2005.
Effects of Green Tea Powder on Laying Performance and Egg Quality in Laying Hens
D. Uuganbayar, I. H. Bae, K. S. Choi, I. S. Shin, J. D. Firman, C. J. Yang
Abstract
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of feeding green tea powder on laying performance and egg quality in hens. A total 180 `Tetran Brown` laying hens aged 40 weeks were assigned to 6 treatments in a completely randomized design. Each treatment consisted of five replicates accommodating six layers per replication. The experimental diets were a negative control containing no green tea, a positive control diet containing antibiotics (0.05% chlortetracycline) and diets containing 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5% and 2.0% green tea powder. Egg production rate of layers fed the diets containing green tea powder did not differ significantly from that of the negative and positive controls (p>0.05). Egg weight was decreased significantly in the group fed the diet containing 0.5% green tea powder (p<0.05). Feed intake of layers was significantly higher for the diet containing 1.5% green tea powder compared to that of negative and positive control diets (p<0.05). The eggshell thickness reduced significantly in the layer group fed the diets containing green tea powder regardless of dietary levels (p<0.05). Green tea powder tended to reduce egg yolk cholesterol in this experiment. Particularly, dietary 2% level of green tea powder significantly suppressed the cholesterol contents of the egg yolk (p<0.05). Thiobarbituric acid value (TBA) of egg yolk was significantly reduced by green tea diets (p<0.05). The yellowness of egg yolk was increased in the layers fed the 2.0% green tea diet compared with that of control diet (p<0.005). The Linoleic and 慣-linolenic acids tended to increase in the group fed diets containing 1.5% green tea powder even though there were no significant differences among treatments (p>0.05). The oleic and docosahexaenoic acid contents of the egg yolk were similar among treatments (p>0.05). Based on the results of the experiment, it is concluded that green tea powder inclusion in the diet for layers at 2.0% level can reduce the cholesterol content and TBA value of the egg yolk, implying its potential effect on egg quality parameters.
Keywords: Green Tea; Antibiotics; Feed Intake; Albumin; Cholesterol; Laying Hens


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