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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005;18(3): 427-432.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.427    Published online April 20, 2005.
Relationship between Thermal Properties of Muscle Proteins and Pork Quality
Hsiu-Lan Kuo, Ming-Tsao Chen, Deng-Cheng Liu, Lieh-Chin Lin
The purpose of this study was performed as model study using four animals to investigate the correction between the changes in Differential Scanning Calorimetry thermogram of muscle proteins during storage and meat freshness. M. longissimus dorsi of pork was obtained immediately after slaughter and chilled/stored at either -2째C or 25째C for up to 96 h for analyses. DSC thermograms were determined and compared with pH values, ATP-related compounds, K-values, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) levels, bacterial counts and electrophoretic behavior. Changes in pH, bacterial counts, VBN and K-values were associated with increased storage temperature and time. The levels of pH values, bacterial counts, VBN and K-values of pork samples stored at 25째C were higher than those of the pork samples stored at -2째C. ATP concentration decreased faster in samples stored at 25째C. Only IMP increased in samples stored at -2째C, whereas the concentration of hypoxanthine and inosine increased in samples stored at 25째C. One exothermic peak and two endothermic peaks appeared on the thermograms of pork stored at either temperature. Lower transition temperature of myosin, sarcoplasmic protein and actin peaks were observed. The freshness parameters of K-value, VBN and hypoxanthine showed highly negative correlations (-0.742~-0.9980) to the changes in transition temperature. Therefore, the shift temperature on DSC thermogram can be used as an indicator of the freshness parameters of meat.
Keywords: Association; Productive Traits; Polymorphism; Lipoprotein Lipase Gene; Pigs

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