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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005;18(2): 158-164.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.158    Published online April 21, 2005.
Production of Transgenic Chimeric Chickens Using Blastodermal Cells
Haifeng Yan, Chaeyoung Lee, Bingnan Xiao, Pavel Trefil, Shixun Liu, Younyoung Kim, Xiaolin Wu
A practical approach was proposed to produce transgenic chimeric chickens using blastodermal cells (BCs). The chicken BCs were mechanically dissociated and transferred into the recipient eggs that had been exposed to 500 rads irradiation of 60Co and windowed on the equatorial plane. Chimeric chickens were generated using two models: the crosses (MXL) from Black Minors (ii,EE,b/b) ?횞Barred Leghorns (ii,ee,B/-)? as donors and White Leghorns (WL, II) as acceptors (Model 1), or the Black Heifengs (BH, ii,EE,bb) as donors and Hua-xing white (HW, II) as recipients (Model 2). The treated eggs were incubated in their original shells in normal conditions until hatching. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was transferred into the BCs derived from MXL and BH via lipofectamine and the pEGFP-C1, and transfection efficiency into the BCs was examined under a fluorescent microscope. Potential transgenic chimeras were selected based on the proposed methods in this study. Using the fresh BCs, the best rate of phenotypic chimeras was 6.7% and 26.0% in model-1 groups, and model-2 groups, respectively. We also described the optimized conditions for transfection. Although 30% of the BCs transfected in vitro emitted green light under an inverted fluorescent microscope, no embryos injected with the transfected BCs expressed foreign GFP gene at 3-4 days.
Keywords: Chimeric Chickens; Blastodermal Cells; Transfection; GFP

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