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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(6): 843-847.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.843    Published online January 1, 2004.
Effects of Different Oils on the Production Performances and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Level of Yolk in Hens
Ouyang Kehui, Wang Wenjun, Xu Mingshen, Jiang Yan, Shangguan Xinchen
In order to understand the effects of different oils on the production performances and polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol level in the yolk. 160 Hexices hens at 42 wks were divided into four groups randomly. Each group fed with control diet (CG), control diet+5% fish oil (FG), control diet+5% palm oil (PG) and control diet+5% soybean oil (SG), respectively. After three weeks'''' experiment, the results showed that: different oils showed no significant effect on feed/egg weight, egg white weight, body weight, C16, C18:3 n-6 and C20:4 n-6 contents in the yolk (p>0.05). But the egg mass of PG was higher than SG (p<0.05), the average egg weight of CG was lower than FG (p<0.05), and the of PG was lower than FG (p<0.05), during the experiment, FG gained more than SG (p<0.05), the cholesterol level in yolk of FG was lower than PG and CG (p<0.01), meanwhile the C20:5 n-3 content of FG was higher than CG and SG (p<0.01), and no C20:5 n-3 was detected in PF, as far as C22:6 n-3 in the yolk was concerned, FG was higher than PG (p<0.01), the C18:1 n-9 content of SG was lower than PG (p<0.05), the C18:2 n-6 content of SG was the highest than other three groups (p<0.01), and CG was the lowest, showed significant to FG (p<0.05), the C18:3 n-3 content of FG was higher than SG and PG (p<0.05), and the C20:1 n-9 content of FG was higher than other groups (p<0.01). The results demonstrated that fish oil could decrease the cholesterol and increase the n-3 fatty acids content in the yolk, and increase the n-3/n-6 level.
Keywords: Egg; Yolk; Production Performance; Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids; Cholesterol; Hexics Hen

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