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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(6): 784-793.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.784    Published online January 1, 2004.
Responses of Holstein Cows to Different Bovine Somatotropin (bST) Treatments during the Transition Period and Early Lactation
M. S. Gulay, A. N. Garcia, M. J. Hayen, C. J. Wilcox, H. H. Head
Abstract
Major objective was to evaluate three doses of bST (POSILAC짰) injected into Holstein cows during the transition period and through 56 d of lactation for potential to improve DMI, BCS, BW, metabolites, hormones, IGF-I and milk production. Biweekly injections of bST (0, 5.1, 10.2, or 15.3 mg bST/d) began 28 d before expected parturition and continued through 56 d postpartum. Twenty-three of the 25 multiparous Holstein cows assigned randomly to four groups completed experiment (7, 5, 6 and 5 cows/group, respectively). The DMI, BW and BCS were recorded weekly throughout the prepartum and postpartum periods and blood samples were collected thrice weekly for analyses of ST, insulin, T4, T3, IGF-I, glucose and NEFA. Milk yields were recorded daily through 60 d postpartum and milk components measured once weekly. Mathematical model for data analyses for prepartum and postpartum periods included treatment, calving month, and the two-factor interaction. Cows injected with 10.2 and 15.3 mg bST prepartum had greater mean prepartum concentrations of ST and IGF-I. Prepartum injections of bST did not affect prepartum BW or BCS. On average, cows injected postpartum better maintained their BCS during first 60 d of lactation (3.15 0.06, 3.12 0.007, 3.20 0.006 and 3.58 0.009). Treatments did not affect mean prepartum DMI but cows injected with 15.3 mg bST/d had greatest DMI and greatest mean daily MY during the first 3 wk and tended to be greater during first 60 d of lactation. Cows injected with two highest bST doses (10.1 and 15.2 mg/d) had greater mean postpartum concentrations of ST and T3, but IGF-I, T4, glucose and NEFA did not differ across groups. No adverse effects of bST treatment were observed
Keywords: Holstein Cows; Milk Production; bST Doses; DMI; Transition Period; Hormones


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