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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(5): 598-602.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.598    Published online January 1, 2004.
Genetic Status of ESR Locus and Other Unidentified Genes Associated with Litter Size in Chinese Indigenous Tongcheng Pig Breed after a Long Time Selection
M. J. Zhu, M. Yu, B. Liu, Z. Z. Zhu, T. A. Xiong, B. Fan, S. P. Xu, Y. Q. Du, Z. Z. Peng, K. Li
The Tongcheng pig breed is a famous Chinese indigenous breed. The Ministry of Agriculture of China has filed it as 1 of 19 national key conservation breeds selected from more than 100 Chinese indigenous pig breeds in 2000. In order to improve the reproductive performance, it has been intensively selected to increase the litter size for about 10 years. The population randomly sampled from conservation nucleus of eight families in the Tongcheng pigs was genotyped for identification of their estrogen receptor locus polymorphisms with the PCR-RFLPs method. Only AB heterozygotes and BB homozygotes were detected, and x2 test demonstrated that the locus was in disequilibrium at a significant level (p<0.05). In the present paper, the litter sizes in different parities were regarded as different traits. Holistic status of other unspecific and unidentified genes was estimated by using the statistical methods. Coefficients of kurtosis and skewness showed that the litter size still presented segregating characteristic in the 2nd, 5th, 7th, 8th and 9th parities. Analysis of homogeneity of variance between families confirmed the results for the 5th, 7th and 8th parities. The heritability of litter size for the 1st to 10th parities was estimated with paternal half-sib model and individual estimated breeding values (EBVs) were evaluated by a single trait animal model as well. We found that the averages of EBVs for litter size in each parity did not differ significantly between genotypes, despite the significant difference for original phenotype records in the 3rd, 4th and 5th parities (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The results may be explained by the deduction that the polymorphisms of ESR locus are no longer the important genetic base of litter size variation when the frequency of allele B accumulated in the experience of selection procedure, and further conferring that there exist special genes associated with litter size in the recent Tongcheng pigs population can be made.
Keywords: Chinese Tongcheng Pigs; ESR Locus; Litter Size; Heritability; Breeding Value

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