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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(4): 497-503.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.497    Published online January 1, 2004.
Ensiling of Sweet Potato Leaves (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) and the Nutritive Value of Sweet Potato Leaf Silage for Growing Pigs
Le Van An, Jan Erik Lindberg
Abstract
The effect of adding carbohydrate-rich feedstuffs to sweet potato leaves (SPL) on silage quality was studied using a total of 180 laboratory silos. Silage quality was assessed by changes of pH, dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP) and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N). Pre-wilted SPL was mixed with cassava root meal (CRM), sweet potato root meal (SPM) or sugar cane molasses (Mo) at levels of 0, 30, 60 and 90 g kg-1 (air-dry weight of additives to pre-wilted weight of SPL). Samples for assessing silage quality were collected after mixing the SPL with the additive and thereafter at 7, 14, 28 and 56 days of ensiling. There was a marked decrease in pH after 7 days and the pH remained low and stable until day 56. Addition of 60 and 90 g kg-1 resulted in a lower pH (p<0.05) than the other treatments. The DM content of the silage increased (p<0.05) with increasing levels of additive, while there were no differences in DM with time of ensiling. The CP content of the silage decreased (p<0.05) with increasing levels of additive. The CP content did not change up to 28 days, but was lower (p<0.05) after 56 days in all treatments. The NH3-N levels were increasing (p<0.05) with time of ensiling, and were lower (p<0.05) with additive levels of 60 g kg-1 or higher. Also, the additive source affected the NH3-N values, with the lowest values found for Mo. Castrated male pigs (Large White Mongcai) were used in 4 4 Latin square design to study the total tract digestibility and nitrogen (N) utilisation of diets with inclusion of ensiled SPL. The diets were based on cassava root meal with inclusion of protein from either fish meal (C) or SPL ensiled with CRM (D1), SPL ensiled with SPM (D2) and SPL ensiled with Mo (D3). The digestibility of DM, organic matter (OM) and CP were higher (p<0.05), and the digestibility of crude fibre (CF) was lower (p<0.05), in diet C than in diets D1, D2 and D3. However, there were no differences (p>0.05) in digestibility of dietary components between diets D1, D2 and D3. Also, the excretion of N in faeces was higher (p<0.05) and the N retention was lower (p<0.05) in diets D1, D2 and D3 than in diet C. It can be concluded from the present experiments, that a good quality silage can be produced from pre-wilted SPL by addition of 60 g kg-1 of either CRM, SPM or Mo. Diets with inclusion of 450 g ensiled SPL kg-1 DM showed a high digestibility of dietary components and thus ensiled SPL should be considered as a potential feed resource for growing pigs
Keywords: Sweet Potato Leaves; Silage; Additive; Cassava Root Meal; Sweet Potato Root Meal; Sugarcane Molasses
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