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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 17(3); 2004 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(3): 305-308.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.305    Published online January 1, 2004.
Genetic Parameter Estimates for Backfat Thickness at Three Different Sites and Growth Rate in Swine
J. I. Kim, Y. G. Sohn, J. H. Jung, Y. I. Park
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to estimate the genetic parameters for backfat thickness at shoulder, mid back and loin and days to 90 kg using a derivative-free REML procedure. Data were collected from 6,146 boars and gilts of purebred Durocs, Landraces and Large Whites performance tested at breeding farms of National Agricultural Cooperatives Federation in Korea from 1998 to 2001. Estimated heritability for backfat measurements at shoulder, mid-back and loin and an average of those backfat measurements were 0.14, 0.32, 0.22 and 0.25 in Durocs, 0.34, 0.50, 0.42 and 0.46 in Landraces and 0.33, 0.52, 0.43 and 0.49 in Large Whites. Heritabilities of backfat measurements estimated were hightest in mid-back and lowest at shoulder. Phenotypic variances of backfat measurements estimated were largest at shoulder and smallest at mid-back. Estimated heritabilities for days to 90 kg were 0.37 in Durocs, 0.42 in Landraces and 0.54 in Large Whites. Genetic correlations among backfat measurements at shoulder, mid-back and loin and an average of those backfat measurements estimated were positive and very high. Genetic correlations of days to 90 kg with the backfat measurements estimated were -0.19 ~ -0.30 in Durocs, -0.04 ~ -0.17 in Landraces and -0.10 ~ -0.13 in Large Whites.
Keywords: Swine; Genetic Parameters; Backfat Thickness; Growth Rate


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