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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(2): 174-178.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.174    Published online January 1, 2004.
Surgical Oocyte Retrieval and the Developmental Potential of the Oocytes Derived from Prepubertal Calves
S. P. Yeh, J. C. Ju, J. K. Tseng, P. C. Chou, C. H. Chen, T. Chih, Y. K. Fan
Abstract
The objectives of this study were to investigate the ovarian responsiveness of juvenile calves to exogenous gonadotropin treatments and to establish the oocyte retrieval technique for prepubertal heifers. Three 78-day-old calves were treated with 4 doses (40, 30, 30 and 30 mg) of FSH (Folltropin V) at 12 h interval up to 229 day-old. Surgical oocyte retrieval was performed 24 h after the last injection of FSH. Calves with good ovarian responses to FSH treatment had an average ovarian size of 5 3 cm compared to 3 2 cm in the less-responsive animals. Large variations were observed in the number of total follicles (51 45), aspirated follicles (39 36), oocytes recovered (23 25) and usable oocytes recovered (11 19) during 78 to 229 day-old. Oocytes derived from prepubertal calves had significantly lower maturation rate than those from cows (34 vs. 100%, p<0.05). Mean diameters of calf oocytes (144 1 m) and ooplasm (110 1 m) were significantly lower than those of cows (149 1 and 125 1 m, respectively). The diameter of the ooplasm also increased significantly after in vitro maturation (IVM) (108 1 vs. 112 1 m). However, further studies are required to optimize the IVP system for the oocytes derived from prepubertal heifers.
Keywords: Oocyte; Gonadotropin; Calf; Surgical Retrieval
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