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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(2): 168-173.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.168    Published online January 1, 2004.
Production of Cloned Calves by the Transfer of Somatic Cells Derived from Frozen Tissues Using Simple Portable CO2 Incubator
Y. J. Dong, X. J. Bai, M. D. Varisanga, N. R. Mtango, T. Otoi, R. Rajamahendran, T. Suzuki
Abstract
The ability of frozen-thawed fetal skin was examined to generate viable cell lines for nuclear transfer. Fetal skin frozen at -20째C, -30째C or -80째C in the presence of 5% DMSO used as tissue explants to generate somatic cells. The resultant confluent cells were then used as donors for nuclear transfer (NT). Of the bovine NT embryos reconstracted from the somatic cells, 62.3%, 76.6% to 65% showed cleavage 70.5%, 81.9% to 78.5% reached the stage of morula formation and 39.7%, 43.2% or 47.6% reached the blastocyst stage. There was no significant difference in development when the NT embryos were compared with those reconstracted from fresh somatic cell derieved skin tissues (72%, 75.3%, and 45.2%, for cleavage, and development to morula and blastocyst stage, respectively). NT embryos were then placed in a portable CO2 incubator and carried to China from Japan by air. After reaching to farm, two NT embryos were transferred to each of 5 recipients. We obtained 2 NT calves which birth weights is 30kg and 36kg female, and gestation periods is 281 and 284 days, respectively. There were no observation any abnormality from those calves. The results indicated that cell lines derieved from bovine fetal skin cryopreserved by a simple method could be used as donors in nuclear transfer using the portable CO2 incubator.
Keywords: Cloning; Frozen Fetal Skin; Electrofusion; Portable CO2 Incubator; Blastocysts; Calves
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