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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2003;16(11): 1690-1694.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1690    Published online January 1, 2003.
Effects of Growth Factors and Gut Regulatory Peptides on Glucose Uptake in HC 11 Mouse Mammary Epithelial Cells
K. H. Myung
Abstract
The large and rapid changes of glucose utilization in lactating mammary tissue in response to changes in nutritional state must be largely related by external signal of insulin. This also must be related with the quantity and composition of the diet in vivo. To characterize the mode of growth factors and gut regulatory peptides with insulin, in vitro experiment was conducted with HC11 cells. All the growth factor alone and the combinations of growth factors significantly (p<0.05) increased in glucose uptake. Insulin, EGF and IGF-1 exhibited a stimulation of glucose uptake for at least 24 h. Furthermore, the highest (p<0.05) synergistic effect was shown in EGF plus IGF-1 and the second synergistic effect in insulin plus EGF while no synergistic effect was found between insulin and IGF-1. However, the gut regulatory peptides neither potentiated nor inhibited the action of insulin on glucose uptake. Although growth factors did not modulates glucose uptake via increasing the rate of translation of the GLUT1 protein, RT-PCR analysis indicated that the growth factors significantly (p<0.05) increased the expression of GLUT1. The growth factors are therefore shown to be capable of modulating glucose uptake by transcription level with insulin in HC 11 cells.
Keywords: Growth Factors; Gut Regulatory Peptides; Glucose Uptake; HC11; GLUT1


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