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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2003;16(4): 494-497.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.494    Published online January 1, 2003.
Growth Hormone Gene Polymorphism and Its Effect on Birth Weight in Cattle and Buffalo
T. K. Biswas, T. K. Bhattacharya, A. D. Narayan, S. Badola, Pushpendra Kumar, Arjava Sharma
Abstract
The study was carried out in Sahiwal, Holstein Friesian, Jersey and crossbred cattle and Murrah, Bhadwari, Jaffarabadi, Nagpuri and Surti buffaloes maintained at different organized herds to work out the polymorphism at growth hormone locus and study its effect on birth weight. A 223 bp fragment of the gene was amplified and digested with Alu I restriction enzyme. Two alleles, L and V with three genotypes LL, LV and VV were observed in Jersey, Holstein and cross bred cattle. Sahiwal cattle and buffalo were monomorphic for this locus producing only one genotype LL and one allele L. The frequency of L allele was comparatively higher in Holstein and crossbred cattle while in Jersey breed, the frequency of this allele was intermediate. The effect of genotype on birth weight was significant and LV genotype had higher birth weight than other genotypes. Hence, LV genotype in Holstein Friesian favored higher birth weight.
Keywords: Association; Birth Weight; Buffalo; Cattle; Growth Hormone Gene; Polymorphism


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