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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(11): 1568-1572.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.1568    Published online January 1, 2002.
Effect of Naturally Fermented Wheat Straw Based Complete Feeds on the Growth of Buffalo Calves
M. S. Pannu, J. R. Kaushal, M. Wadhwa, M. P. S. Bakshi
A 152 day trial was conducted to see the effect of feeding naturally fermented wheat straw (FWS) with either energy, protein or energy protein supplements on the growth of buffalo calves. Twenty four male buffalo calves (10-12 months old) divided in 6 equal groups were individually offered FWS as sole roughage along with either conventional concentrate mixture (conc), maize grains (M), solvent extracted mustard cake (DMC), M-DMC mixture (50:50), deoiled rice bran (DRB) or uromol bran mixture (UBM) in 70:30 ratio. The digestibility of nutrients, nitrogen retention and nutritive value was maximum in FWS:UBM followed by FWS:DMC and FWS:Conc groups. Almost, all the blood parameters were observed well within the normal range except that of blood urea (FWS:UBM) and creatinine (FWS:DMC and FWS:DRB). The dietary combination in which FWS was supplemented with only conventional protein supplement like DMC proved to be highly efficient as far as live weight gain was concerned. FWS supplemented with energy-protein combination i.e. M-DMC could also be used as complete feed for growing calves in comparison to conventional feeding system.
Keywords: Fermented Wheat Straw; Urea; Energy; Protein Supplements; Utilization of Nutrients; Buffalo Calves

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