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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(10): 1439-1444.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.1439    Published online January 1, 2002.
Effects of Formalin Treated Soy Bean as a Source of Rumen Undegradable Protein on Rumen Functions of Non-lactating Dairy Cows on Concentrate Based-diets
J. Kanjanapruthipong, C. Vajrabukka, S. Sindhuvanich
Abstract
An objective of this study was to determine the effects of increasing contents of rumen undegradable protein (RUP) from formalin treated soy bean (FSBM) on rumen functions. Four rumen canulated non-lactating cows were randomly allocated to total mixed rations (TMR) containing different proportions of soy bean meal (SBM) and FSBM. Of rumen fermentation characteristics, concentrations of ruminal fluid ammonia and molar proportions of isoacids decreased with increasing contents of RUP in diets (p<0.01). The animals on TMR containing only SBM gained less weight and had smaller rumen volume than those on TMR containing RUP from FSBM (p<0.05). Organic matter and neutral detergent fiber digestibility in sacco were not different (p>0.05). The density of protozoa particularly small Entodinium sp. in ruminal fluid was higher in animal fed TMR containing SBM:FSBM (34:66) and FSBM than those fed TMR containing SBM:FSBM (66:34) and SBM (p<0.01). Total viable count, and net microbial protein synthesis as indicated by purine derivatives in urine increased with increasing contents of RUP from FSBM (p<0.01). It can be concluded that a reduction in net microbial protein synthesis in the rumen with increasing contents of RUP in the diet can be due to the reduction of preformed protein available for microbial growth as well as an increased turnover rate of microbial cells by predatory activity of protozoa.
Keywords: Rumen Undegradable Protein; Rumen Functions


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