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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(10): 1378-1385.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.1378    Published online January 1, 2002.
Genetic Variation in Growth and Body Dimensions of Jersey and Limousin Cross Cattle. 2. Post-Weaning Dry and Wet Season Performance
R. A. Afolayan, W. S. Pitchford, A. W. Weatherly, C. D. K. Bottema
Abstract
The importance of direct genetic, maternal, heterosis and epistatic effects were examined on post-weaning weight, height, length, girth, fat depth and muscle (ratio of stifle to hip width) with dry and wet season gains in these traits. The breeds used were two pure breeds (Jersey and Limousin), the Limousin Jersey F1, and two backcrosses (F1 Jersey dams and F1 Limousin dams). Direct genetic effects were large (p<0.001) for all traits except for length. Jersey maternal effects were large for weight, girth, fat depth and muscle in the post-weaning wet season gains which is an evidence of the impact of Jersey dam on progeny beyond weaning. There were large heterosis effects on fat depth and muscle relative to other traits. Epistatic effects were observed for post-weaning performance in weight, girth, fat depth and muscle. There are indications that there were different genetic effects for post-weaning compared to pre-weaning growth traits. Thus, it could be hypothesized from this study that different quantitative trait loci (QTL) affect early and late growth in Jersey and Limousin cross cattle breeds. The follow up work will examine the different chromosomal gene effects on pre- and post-weaning growth.
Keywords: Genetic Effects; Weight; Height; Fat Depth; Muscle


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