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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 15(9); 2002 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(9): 1263-1266.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.1263    Published online January 1, 2002.
The Effects of Production Factors on Commercial Production of Etawah Crossbred Goats in Boyolali, Central Java, Indonesia
B. Suryanto, B. W. H. E. Prasetiyono, E. Kurnianto
Abstract
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of some production factors on commercial production of Etawah Crossbred Goats (ECG) of Inpres Desa Tertinggal member groups (AKIDT) at Krasak, Pandansari, Brajan, and Kragilan villages in Boyolali regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The study was from February to April 2000. Eighty respondents of AKIDT were selected by simple random sampling and the data were analyzed using Cobb Douglas Production Function. The results showed that ECG production simultaneously were highly significant (p<0.01) influenced by amount of feed consumed (kg TDN/year, x1), number of does of ECG (Animal Unit/year, x2), number of kids and does/ barn/year (Animal Unit/year, x3), labor use (man-days/year, x4) and work capital (US$/year, x5) with R2= 0.6568. In addition, ECG production was partially influenced by x2, x3 and x5 (p<0.01) and x1 (p<0.05), but not significant (p>0.05) by x4. Technically, production factors of x1, x2, x3, x4, x5 had reached technique efficiency (0<Ep<1) and goats production still can be increased by all of these production factors simultaneously. There were increasing return to scale position proved by total production elasticity (Ep=1.4416). For economic efficiency, the production factor of x1, x3, x4, x5 did not showed efficiency (Ep<1) and x2 was not efficient yet.
Keywords: Etawah Crossbred Goats (ECG); Feed; Labor Use; Work Capital; Economic Efficiency
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