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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 15(8); 2002 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(8): 1103-1109.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.1103    Published online January 1, 2002.
Influence of 2-bromo-α–ergocryptine on Plasma Prolactin, Oestradiol-17β and Progesterone Levels in Domestic Hen
I. J. Reddy, C. G. David, Khub Singh
Abstract
This study investigated the effect of 2-bromo- -ergocryptine (anti prolactin agent) on plasma levels of prolactin, oestradiol-17 and progesterone in domestic hen during the active period of lay. Fifty healthy female White Leghorn birds were administered with anti prolactin agent (2-bromo- -ergocryptine, Sigma-USA., methane sulphonate salt, C32H40BrN5O5.CH4SO3) subcutaneously @100 g/kg body weight at weekly intervals from 17th to 36th week of age. Another group of fifty birds as controls were given placebo in place of bromocriptine. The level of prolactin remained lower in treated birds than in the control birds from 19 to 36 weeks of age. Level of prolactin even in the control group was found to decrease during the peak production period. Oestradiol-17 and progesterone concentration in treated birds were significantly (p<0.01) higher than the controls during the treatment. Egg production, is positively correlated with oestradiol-17 (r=0.02; r=0.67) and progesterone (r=0.49; r=0.90) in control and treated groups respectively where as prolactin level is positively correlated with egg production in the control birds (r=0.07). Prolactin levels were negatively correlated with egg production (r=-0.55) in treated birds; and oestradiol-17 (r =-0.71; r=-0.53) and progesterone (r=-0.22; r= -0.27) respectively in control and treated groups. The total number of pause days during the treatment period decreased significantly (p<0.01) in the treated group compared to the control group. The reduction in pause days in treated group resulted in 1.76% increase in egg production over that in control group. The increase in egg laying days and the total egg production were found to be significant (p<0.01). These results indicate that a lower level of prolactin in circulatory blood enhances egg production in the domestic hen
Keywords: Sequence Length; Prolactin; Oestradiol; Progesterone; Domestic Hen
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