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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 15(5); 2002 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(5): 732-739.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.732    Published online January 1, 2002.
Effects of Genetic Variants of κ-casein and β-lactoglobulin and Heat Treatment of Milk on Cheese and Whey Compositions
J. W. Choi, K. F. Ng-Kwai-Hang
Abstract
Milk samples with different phenotype combination of -casein and -lactoglobulin and different preheating temperatures of 30, 70, 75 and 80 C were used for cheesemaking under laboratory conditions. For the 853 batches of cheese, mean composition was 59.64% total solids, 30.24% fat and 23.66% protein, and the whey contained 6.93% total solids, 0.30% fat and 0.87% protein. Least squares analysis of the data indicated that heating temperature of the milk and -CN/ -LG phenotypes had significant effects on cheese and whey compositions. The total solids, fat and protein contents of cheese were negatively correlated with preheating temperatures of milk. Cheese from BB/BB phenotype milk had the highest and those from AA/AA phenotype milk had the lowest concentrations of total solids, fat and protein. Mean recoveries of milk components in the cheese were 53.71% of total solids, 87.15% of fat, and 80.32% of protein. For the 10 different types of milk, maximum recoveries of milk components in cheese occurred with preheating temperature of 70 C or 75 C and lowest recoveries occurred at 80 C. The whey averaged 6.94% total solids, 0.30% fat and 0.87% protein. Losses of milk components in the whey were lowest for milk preheated at 80 C and for milk containing the BB/BB phenotype.
Keywords: Genetic Variants; #NAME?; #NAME?; Heat Treatment; Cheese Composition; Whey Composition


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