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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(3): 340-345.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.340    Published online March 1, 2002.
Secretory Proteins from Goat Oocytes Matured in Culture
Dhruba Malakar, A. C. Majumdar
In this experiment, oocytes were collected from goat ovaries available in slaughterhouse by follicle puncture method. Morphologically culturable type of oocytes which having compact, multilayered cumulus granulosa cell complex and evenly granulated cytoplasm, was separated under a stereozoom microscope. Oocytes were washed thoroughly in maturation medium containing TCM-199, 1 g/ml estradiol-17, 0.5 g/ml FSH, 100 g/ml LH, 3 mg/ml BSA and 10% estrus goat serum. Washed oocytes were cultured into maturation medium on granulosa cell monolayer. Culture plate was then kept into CO2 incubator at 381C, maximum humidity and 5% CO¬2 for 18 h. After maturation the oocytes were washed thoroughly with maturation medium containing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) without serum and BSA and further cultured for 12 h for secretory proteins of oocytes. PVA medium was collected, pooled and concentrated by 5000 cut off centrisart. Secretory proteins were separated on 12.5% SDS-PAGE. A total number of 3.41 oocytes per ovary were obtained and 2.17 culturable oocytes per ovary were cultured into maturation medium. After 18 h of maturation, 4,567 oocytes (1.82 oocytes per ovary) were further cultured into serum and BSA free PVA medium for its secretory proteins. Four secretory proteins of oocytes with approximately molecular weight of 45, 55, 65 and 95 kDa were obtained on SDS-PAGE in silver staining and three proteins with approximately molecular weight of 45, 55 and 65 kDa in Coomassie brilliant blue staining. In conclusion, four secretory proteins with approximately molecular weight of 45, 55, 65 and 95 kDa was obtained from in vitro cultured oocytes of goats.
Keywords: Goat Oocyte; Maturation; Granulosa Cell Monolayer; Polyvinyl Alcohol; Oocyte Secretory Proteins; IVM
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