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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(1): 55-60.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.55    Published online January 1, 2002.
Feeding Value of Sugarcane Stalk for Cattle
T. Kawashima, W. Sumamal, P. Pholsen, R. Chaithiang, W. Boonpakdee, M. Kurihara, M. Shibata
Abstract
A metabolism trial with four castrated male Brahman cattle, average body weight 320 kg, was conducted in order to determine the nutritive value of chopped sugarcane stalk (CSS) for the establishment of feeding strategy in the dry season in Northeast Thailand. Animals were subjected to the following four dietary treatments: Treatment 1; 100% of CSS, Treatment 2; 70% of CSS and 30% of commercial complete feed (TMR), Treatment 3; 40% of CSS and 60% of TMR, and Treatment 4; 100% of TMR. The average CP, ether extracts, nitrogen free extracts, crude fiber and ash contents of CSS were 2.0, 0.9, 79.0, 16.1 and 2.2%, respectively. Although the amount of feed given was approximately at maintenance level, animals in treatments 1 and 2 refused a part of feed. The metabolism trial revealed that total digestible nutrient and metabolizable energy contents of CSS were 61.5% and 9.04 MJ/kgDM, respectively, when it was properly supplemented with protein sources. Nutritive value of CSS was lowered when animals were given CSS solely. This was due to the large loss of energy into urine and methane. Voluntary intake of CSS in cattle was not enough to satisfy energy requirement for maintenance. The CSS can be used as a roughage for feeding cattle in the dry season with proper supplementation of protein and energy.
Keywords: Sugarcane Stalk; Cattle; Metabolizable Energy; Nutritive Value


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